Southwest of France Little Dictionary – Part II

Hapchot
In the Landes, hapchot refers to a kind of small ax used to slit open a pine tree trunk and drain the resin.

Ibaïona
The real Bayonne ham, Ibaïona, is prepared according the ancient recipe and dried for between 15 to 18 months.

Inquét
Coming from the Occitan “inquet”, which means “hook”, the word inquét refers to the flea market around St-Sernin Basilica in Toulouse. In old times one was going “fishing” for second hand clothes sold around the St. Sernin..

Jacqueline
Jacqueline is a beverage very appreciated during Ferias. It is made of grenadine, lemon juice and white wine.

Jeu de quille
Sport practiced in the 15th century in Béarn, the “Jeu de quille” has now spread all over southwest. A distant ancestor of bowling or pétanque.

Kokotxak
This name, typically Basque, refers to the gills of tuna (or hake). The kokotxak, cooked with a little garlic and Espelette pepper, are highly sought after by Basque gourmets!

L’Entre Deux-Mers
A region southeast of Bordeaux delimited by the Garonne River in the south and Dordogne River in the north. Famous for its wineries and their white wines.

Makila
Wooden walking stick
Both walking stick and defense weapon makila is the most iconic object in the Basque Country. Made of medlar tree wood, this rod has a steel tip, hidden under a carved head, wearing the name and the motto of the owner.

Mascaret
Big wave going over a distance of 150 km up on the Garonne and Dordogne Rivers and triggered by rising tides of the Atlantic Ocean. Some manage to surfing on it.

Midol
Nickname given to “Midi Olympique” a weekly magazine, considered the Bible of rugby. Printed every Monday, it is dedicated to the news from French and international rugby world.

Mirande
The “mirande” refers to the last storey, covered and furnished balcony of the traditional houses of Toulouse.

Monbazillac
Monbazillac is the name of castle built in 1550 on the hill overlooking the town of Bergerac on the Dordogne River, as well as its winery that produces the famous Monbazillac white sweet wine.

Mounaque
Fabric dolls traditional to southwest France
Mounaque are fabric made dolls traditional to the Hautes-Pyrénées region. There is even a museum dedicated to mounaques in the village of Campan in Hautes-Pyrénées department;

Palombière
In the Basque Country and Bearn, the “palombières” are decoy huts located on treetops used by hunters to catch pigeons.

Paloumayre
Paloumayre is a pigeon hunter.

Pastis
Pastis (the name comes from Occitan language in which it means “mixture”) is the name given to a very appreciated alcoholic drink flavored with aniseed and liquorices. It is served diluted in icy water.

Pastis landais
Far from being a variant of the Pastis alchoolic beverage the “pastis landais” is a brioche flavored with aniseed or orange water usually served with custard.

Picachou
In Aquitaine, more precisely in Landes, picachou means a snack consisting of bread topped with fried Bayonne ham fried, chili peppers, scrambled eggs and a little vinegar.

Pignada
Is a local name given to the pine forests of the Landes department maritime region.

Pinasse
Pinasse - the traditional boat of Arcachon basin
This is the traditional boat from Arcachon bay region. Pinasse has flat-bottom, pointed front and rear and is well adapted to the sandbanks of the basin.

Pottok
“Little horse” in Basque language. The word refers also to the wild, black or brown, ponies that were roaming freely in olden times the mountains of the Basque Country.

Pousse rapiére
The Pousse-Rapiére is an alchoolic beverage produced in Gers department of southwest France. It is made from Armagnac liqueur, flavored with orange, mixed with sparkling white wine. The name “pousse rapiére” means “pushing a sword” rapiére being a Gascon sword.

Pruneau d’Agen
Speciality of the Lot-et-Garonne department, that offers the ideal weather conditions, the Agen prune is the result of the drying of the Ente variety plum, a process invented in the twelfth century by the monks of the Abbey of Clairac.

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