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Hondarribia

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Hondarribia is not on the French territory but in the border Spanish town of Irun.
It was not built or reinforced by Vauban but he new about its existence when he was trying to reinforce the French southern Atlantic coast.
Hondarribia is a beautiful, wonderfully preserved or restored, large citadel.
Its name means in Basque language 'sand crossing'.
Its first document attestation dates from 1180 during the reign of King Sancho VI of Navarre. The town was reinforced by the Castilian Kings.
The shape the citadel is in now was given to in the second part of the 16th century.
Given its border position the town withstood many attacks from the French armies. The most devastating was in 1638 during the 'Thirty Years War' when the town was practically flattened by the French army lead by the Price of Conde. The French were however chased out and since then this victory is commemorated every year on the 8th of September.

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Latitude: 43.3625
Longitude: -1.7915
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