Cailhau Gate and Palace Square
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Cailhau Gate was built at the end of the 15th century to commemorate the victory of King Charles VII over English armies at the battle of Castillon in 1453, victory that brought Bordeaux and Aquitaine in the French kingdom, after 400 years of English rule.
It is a 35 meters structure with elegant Renaissance elements: conical roofs, sculpted decorations, mullioned windows. Throughout the centuries it was renovated in 1882 and more recently in 1960.
On the city side it faces "Palace Square". The name of the square comes from the ancient palace that had occupied the place from year 1000 until the beginning of the 19th century when it was demolished.
The Palace called "Palais de l’Ombrière" was initially the residence of the Dukes of Aquitaine - it is here that the famous Eleanor of Aquitaine is said to be born -, and later the headquarters of the Seneschal of Gascogne and later the seat of the Bordeaux Parliament.