Auch's Short History
Auch is the departmental capital of Gers.
It is a small town of just over 20,000 inhabitants.
While the town was established during the Roman occupation of Aquitaine, throughout the centuries Auch was the seat of the one of the first archdiocese of France, elevated as such in 847, the residence of the Counts of Armagnac during the 10th and 11th centuries and the capital of the old region of Gascogne.
Arguably, Auch's most famous citizen was …D'Artagnan who, even by tradition considered an "Auscii" was not born in Auch but in the village of Lupiac some 43km (26mi) south west of Auch.
D'Artagnan, whose full name was Charles de Batz-Castelmore, comte d'Artagnan, was of course made famous by Alexandre Dumas in his trilogy "Les Trois Mousquetaires", "Vingt ans après" and "Le Vicomte de Bragelonne".
A statue on the "Monumental Stairs" of Auch is now honoring this famous Gascon.
The late 15th century saw the elevation in Auch of one of the most impressive cathedrals of the South West France. Dedicated to Sainte Marie, the cathedral is now listed in the UNESCO's World Heritage.
Auch knew also a relative booming period in the second part of the 18th century with the appointment in 1751 of Antoine Megret d'Etigny as the king's superintendent of Gascony. Many remarkable buildings of the city date from this period.